Legal changes banning the denial of genocide, imposed by Bosnia and Herzegovina’s top international official, caused the Bosnian Serb leadership to threaten to pull out of the country’s tax system, judiciary and army.
As the former Bosnian Serb military chief, who was convicted of genocide and other wartime crimes by the UN court in June, awaits transfer to prison to serve his life sentence, he is suffering from increasingly poor health, his lawyers said.
A report by a Bosnian Serb-funded commission has claimed the Srebrenica massacres were not genocide and most victims were not civilians – but some of its controversial assertions are contradicted by evidence heard at trials at international courts.
Ahead of the initial verdict in the last trial at the Yugoslav war crimes tribunal, BIRN looks back on the landmark judgments, controversies, successes and failures in the UN court’s mission to seek justice for the atrocities of the 1990s.
Serbian pro-government newspapers condemned what they claimed was the unjust conviction of former Bosnian Serb military chief Ratko Mladic, although most government ministers stayed quiet about the verdict.
Bosnian war survivors want former Bosnian Serb military chief Ratko Mladic to be found guilty this week of genocide in five Bosnian municipalities in 1992 as well as genocide in Srebrenica in 1995, but experts believe this is unlikely to happen.
Before this week’s final verdict in Bosnian Serb wartime general Ratko Mladic’s trial, BIRN a presents a photographic essay showing the places where the crimes in his indictment were committed, accompanied by quotes from key witnesses.
The UN court will deliver Bosnian Serb military leader Ratko Mladic’s final verdict next week, but dozens of his associates who have been accused or convicted of Bosnian war crimes now live in Serbia with little fear of prosecution.
Mothers of Srebrenica genocide victims are awaiting the final verdict in Bosnian Serb military chief Ratko Mladic’s trial next week - but as the years have passed, some mothers who followed the trial intently have died before seeing the justice they craved.