In the summer of 1992, the bodies of 114 Bosniak and Croat civilians were found in two mass graves at a municipal dump and a cemetery in the town of Mostar, but decades on, no one has prosecuted for their murders.
A year after the identity of a protected witness in a Srebrenica genocide trial was publicly revealed by media in Bosnia’s Serb-dominated Republika Srpska, putting his safety at risk, the Bosnian prosecution has not brought any charges.
Salafi preacher Husein Bilal Bosnic was convicted of recruiting people to go and fight for Islamic State, but while he was in prison, the Islamist militant group was defeated in Syria and other preachers in Bosnia and Herzegovina have changed their tactics.
Years after the 1990s wars, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia have continued to slowly prosecute wartime crimes – but with increasing numbers of ageing suspects falling ill or dying, it’s likely that some cases will never see verdicts.
The disappearance of Bosnian Serb Army general Milomir Savcic, who is on trial for assisting the Srebrenica genocide, is the latest in a series of incidents in which war crimes suspects and convicts have escaped justice in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Experts say that the radicalisation of minors is becoming an increasingly challenging problem for Bosnia and Herzegovina, as schools lack the expertise and resources to tackle it and the authorities’ counter-extremism strategies are delayed and insufficient.
A report by a Bosnian Serb-funded commission has claimed the Srebrenica massacres were not genocide and most victims were not civilians – but some of its controversial assertions are contradicted by evidence heard at trials at international courts.
The decision by the UN court in The Hague last month to uphold the life sentence handed down to former Bosnian Serb military chief Ratko Mladic takes the number of life terms imposed for involvement in the Srebrenica genocide to five.
Bosnian and Serbian companies provided heavy machinery, buses and trucks that were used during the Srebrenica deportations and massacres in July 1995 and the subsequent cover-up operation, but none of them has ever been held accountable.