Over the past four years, more than two million euros have been dedicated to building memorials honouring military and civilian casualties of the Bosnian war – but most only commemorate victims from the dominant ethnic group in each area.
More than 50 Serbs, including three young children, were killed in an attack by the Bosnian Army on the village of Josanica near Foca in December 1992, but no one has yet been brought to justice for the crime.
Bosnian Serb ruling party officials and their aides have close and deepening ties to Russian nationalists involved in the war in eastern Ukraine and in promoting the image of Serbs who fight there illegally.
In Bosnia’s Serb-dominated Republika Srpska, where reservist policemen committed war crimes and persecuted non-Serbs in the 1990s, the authorities plan to set up a new reservist force, sparking fears among war victims.
Twenty-seven years since the siege of Sarajevo began, a handful of commanders have been tried, but Bosnian prosecutors have not yet filed any indictments against direct perpetrators of sniping and shelling attacks on civilians.
Bosnian courts and prosecution offices are restricting access to information on cases, making it harder for media to report on war crimes and corruption cases, although the law states that trials are open to the public.
Prosecutions in Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia signed protocols to cooperate on war crimes cases five years ago, but few cases have been exchanged due to a lack of political will, leaving dozens of suspects at liberty.