In the fourth of BIRN’s Balkan war photographer series, Gjorgi Licovski tells the story of his picture of two boys carrying ammunition to security forces, encapsulating the chaos of conflict in the North Macedonia town of Tetovo.
The former BBC correspondent Martin Bell tells BIRN that the ‘information war’ for media coverage and international attention is as important in Ukraine now as it was when he covered the Bosnian conflict in the 1990s.
The dehumanizing political discourse in Bosnia increases the fear of a potential repetition of the crimes of the 1990s, the UN General Secretary’s special advisor on the prevention of genocide, Alice Wairimu Nderitu, tells BIRN.
Accepting that genocide was committed against Bosniaks from Srebrenica in July 1995 is necessary if there is to be meaningful post-war reconciliation, the new head of the UN court in The Hague, Graciela Gatti Santana, tells BIRN.
A special international tribunal would be able to prosecute senior officials for the crime of aggression during the Russian invasion of Ukraine and bring justice for victims, says international law professor Andrew Clapham.
Photographer Fabrice Dekoninck visited sites of massacres, torture, imprisonment and mass burials as part of his project to visually document people’s memories of suffering during the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Novelist Lejla Kalamujic, whose writing has been shaped by her experience of siege and exile in the violent 1990s, says that the trauma suffered by Bosnian society during the war years still needs to be properly addressed.
Psychoanalyst Wiola Rebecka says her new book about sexual assault during wartime highlights how rape survivors in Kosovo felt afraid to tell anyone about what happened to them, prolonging the trauma that they suffered.