Websites registered in countries with large expatriate Bosnian communities often publish fake news stories containing hate speech, nationalistic narratives and propaganda, with a negative effect on social, ethnic and political relations back home, analysis by BIRN Bosnia and Herzegovina shows.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo and Serbia, most of the case files and evidence from war crime trials are not immediately accessible to journalists, researchers and the general public, obscuring a crucial part of recent Balkan history.
The families of two men who were killed while fleeing their homes during the Bosnian war in 1993 have appealed to prosecutors many times to find the killers - but as the years pass and witnesses become fewer, they are losing hope.
Political parties in Bosnia and Herzegovina surreptitiously swap seats on the committees that oversee polling stations, and although it’s not illegal, it allows them to influence the vote count on election day to their own advantage.
Public broadcaster Radio Television Republika Srpska has republished stories from the anonymously-run InfoSrpska website at least 91 times over the past two years - spreading information that fact-checkers have labelled biased, false or misleading.
The authorities in the Sarajevo Canton allocated around 1,370,000 euros from 2013 to 2020 to help defend mainly Bosniak ex-soldiers and police officers on trial for war crimes and to assist their families, BIRN has learned.
The appointment of Drasko Milinovic as the new director of Bosnia’s Communications Regulatory Agency has drawn criticism because Republika Srpska’s public broadcaster was penalised at least three times for its reports on war crime issues while he was in charge.
After several European countries started trying former Islamic State fighters for war crimes as well as terrorism, increasing their potential sentences, BIRN Bosnia and Herzegovina analysed what needs to be done if the domestic judiciary wants to follow suit.