Public displays of support for war crimes defendants, nationalist political rhetoric and Bosnian Serb officials’ denials of the Srebrenica genocide are causing unease among Bosniaks who have returned to the town after fleeing during the war.
A court in Orasje in Bosnia says people convicted by the town’s court martial during the 1990s war will soon be asked to start serving their sentences - but some insist that they didn’t even know they were being tried.
Even when perpetrators are convicted of war crimes in Kosovo, the country’s courts never award compensation to the victims, while protected witnesses who need to remain anonymous don’t launch civil suits for fear of exposure.
Trials with large numbers of defendants cannot resume because of the problem of safe social distancing at the Bosnian state court, which will further slow the process of dealing with the country’s huge backlog of war crimes cases.
More than ten streets, squares, parks and public buildings in Bosnia and Herzegovina have been dedicated to war crime convicts and defendants like Radovan Karadzic and Ratko Mladic, research by BIRN has found.
Questioning the number of victims of the 1995 massacres, complaining of an international anti-Serb conspiracy and glorifying Bosnian Serb wartime leaders are just some of the tactics used by Srebrenica genocide deniers, says a new report.
In the latest in the Forgotten Victims series, BIRN examines the killings of several elderly people by members of the Bosnian Croat wartime force, the Croatian Defence Council, who have never been brought to trial.